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Brain Cancer treatment details. Biologic therapy. National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, United States



Survival: 6.3 months
   
Toxicity Grade: 5
   
Treatments: Biologic therapy
   
Drugs:
Country: United States
   
City/State/Province: Bethesda, MD
   
Hospital: National Cancer Institute
   
Journal: Link
   
Date: 12/2012

Description:
Patients:
Patients in this phase 2 study were divided into 2 groups based on their particular form of brain cancer. Group A consisted of 32 glioblastoma multiforme patients with a median age of 48 years and 63% male. Group B had 32 anaplastic glioma patients with a median age of 41 years and 75% male.

Treatment:
Patients in both groups were treated with the biologic therapy agent vandetanib, which is a VEGF inhibitor that interferes with tumor blood supply.

Toxicities:
This study reported toxicities observed in both patient groups combined. There was one treatment-related death due to brain hemorrhage. Grade 4 lymphopenia, fatigue, and skin reactions were also reported.

Results:
The median overall survival rates for group A and B were 6.3 and 7.6 months, respectively.

Support:
Study drug was supplied by AstraZeneca.

Correspondence: Dr. Teri N. Kreisl; email: kreislt@mail.nih.gov

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