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Melanoma treatment details. Chemotherapy. Institute Gustave Roussy, Paris, France



Survival: 10.5 months
   
Toxicity Grade: 4
   
Treatments: Chemotherapy
   
Drugs:
Country: France
   
City/State/Province: Paris
   
Hospital: Institute Gustave Roussy
   
Journal: Link
   
Date: 6/2013

Description:
Patients:
This phase 2 study involved BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma patients who were divided into two separate treatment groups. Group A consisted of 45 patients with a median age of 57 years and 49% male. Group B had 46 patients with a median age of 52 years and 61% male.

Treatment:
Patients in group A were treated with the chemotherapy agent dacarbazine and the biologic therapy agent selumetinib, a small molecule inhibitor of MAPK/ERK kinases that interferes with cancer cell growth.
Patients in group B were treated with dacarbazine and a placebo.

Toxicities:
The most severe toxicities in group A were of grade 4 and included grade 3-4 neutropenia and diarrhea. Visual disturbances, acne, and peripheral edema (swelling) were also reported.

The most severe toxicities in group B were of grade 4 and included grade 3-4 fatigue, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia. Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and constipation were also reported.

Results:
The median overall survival for groups A and B was 13.9 and 10.5 months, respectively.

Support:
This study was supported by AstraZeneca.

Correspondence: Dr. Caroline Robert; email: caroline.robert@igr.fr

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