Drug Information



Brand Name:Thioplex Trade Name:thiotepa
FDA Approved For:Thiotepa has been tried with varying results in the palliation of a wide variety of neoplastic diseases. However, the most consistent results have been seen in the following tumors: 1. Adenocarcinoma of the breast. 2. Adenocarcinoma of the ovary. 3. For controlling intracavitary effusions secondary to diffuse or localized neoplastic diseases of various serosal cavities. 4. For the treatment of superficial papillary carcinoma of the urinary bladder. While now largely superseded by other treatments, thiotepa has been effective against other lymphomas, such as lymphosarcoma and Hodgkin's disease. Pediatric Use:Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Carcinogen:Like many alkylating agents, thiotepa has been reported to be carcinogenic when administered to laboratory animals. Carcinogenicity is shown most clearly in studies using mice, but there is some evidence of carcinogenicity in man. In patients treated with thiotepa, cases of myelodysplastic syndromes and acute non-lymphocytic leukemia have been reported. Mutagen:Thiotepa was mutagenic in in vitro assays in Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli, Chinese hamster lung and human lymphocytes. Chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges were observed in vitro with thiotepa in bean root tips, human lymphocytes, Chinese hamster lung, and monkey lymphocytes. Mutations were observed with oral thiotepa in mouse at doses >2.5 mg/kg (8 mg/m2). The mouse micronucleus test was positive with IP administration of >1 mg/kg (3.2 mg/m2). Other positive in vivo chromosomal aberration or mutation assays included Drosophila melanogaster, Chinese hamster marrow, murine marrow, monkey lymphocyte, and murine germ cell.
Manufacturer and/or Distributor:Immunex Corporation

Adverse Reactions:

In addition to its effect on the blood-forming elements (see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections), thiotepa may cause other adverse reactions. General: Fatigue, weakness. Febrile reaction and discharge from a subcutaneous lesion may occur as the result of breakdown of tumor tissue. Hypersensitivity Reactions: Allergic reactions - rash, urticaria, laryngeal edema, asthma, anaphylactic shock, wheezing. Local Reactions: Contact dermatitis, pain at the injection site. Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, anorexia. Renal: Dysuria, urinary retention. There have been rare reports of chemical cystitis or hemorrhagic cystitis following intravesical, but not parenteral administration of thiotepa. Respiratory: Prolonged apnea has been reported when succinylcholine was administered prior to surgery, following combined use of thiotepa and other anticancer agents. It was theorized that this was caused by decrease of pseudocholinesterase activity caused by the anticancer drugs. Neurologic: Dizziness, headache, blurred vision. Skin: Dermatitis, alopecia. Skin depigmentation has been reported following topical use. Special Senses: Conjunctivitis. Reproductive: Amenorrhea, interference with spermatogenesis. )

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